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LANXESS launches a new prepolymer for polyurethane cast elastomers - Low compression set and yet high tear strength 

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Specialty chemicals company LANXESS has developed Vibrathane 7085, a new, polyester-based prepolymer for hot cast elastomers. It has MDI end groups (methylene diphenyl diisocyanate) and cures with 1,4-butanediol to polyurethane cast elastomers, distinguished by a low compression set and a high tear strength at hardnesses of 83 to 87 Shore A. “This is a particular advantage of our material. Both properties are usually inversely related, so that they normally can’t be optimized together,” explains Dr. Nitin Sharma, expert in the Global Research & Development and Innovation Center of the Urethane Systems business unit of LANXESS. The general purpose prepolymer can be economically processed under catalysis in short to medium pot lifes to produce elastomer solutions which cover a wide range of demands. “Possible applications include, for example, die cutting blankets and anvils, bushings for torque rods of trucks, buses and trailers, and robust, noise-damping shaking screens for ore processing,” as Sharma further reports.

Low fatigue tendency under cyclic loading

Depending on the processing conditions, Vibrathane 7085 produces cast elastomers with compression sets from 13 percent to 42 percent according to ASTM D395 (American Society for Testing and Materials), method B (70 °C, 22 h). Tear strength according to ASTM D1938 (Tear Strength, Trouser), for example, is between 27.2 and 85.9 kilonewton per meter. “Compared with standard polyurethane elastomers of similar hardness, the compression set is about 1.7 times lower and the tear strength up to three times higher,” says Sharma. In addition, the flexural fatigue strength is at a high level. For example, tests according to ASTM D3629-99 showed Texus Flex values of more than 170,000 cycles at deformations of 11, 18, 35 and 45 percent and a stoichiometry of 102 percent. 

Higher productivity, lower energy consumption

By using the catalyst, the reaction of the prepolymer with the chain-extender speeds up. Therefore, the parts can be demolded faster and the tools can be refilled earlier. Sharma: “The processor can thus increase the throughput of parts, making his production more efficient.” In addition, optimized processing conditions help to shorten post curing duration. This results in lower energy consumption, which opens up cost savings and improves the sustainability of production. Pot life can be kept short at 90 seconds, but can also be extended to around 4.5 minutes, for example to achieve uniform tool filling for more complex component geometries. Moreover, the processor can delay the post curing of the demolded parts without degradation in tear strength, compression set or other mechanical properties of the final elastomer product. “Therefore, demolded parts can be collected first and then be post-cured together, increasing flexibility and manufacturing efficiency,” explains Sharma.

Compression set and tear strength can be individually optimized

Both the compression set and the tear strength can be separately optimized and thus adapted to specific demands of an application. For example, the tear strength can be increased to 85.9 kilonewton per meter, whereby this material variant still has a compression set of 42 percent. In contrast to this is an elastomer with a compression set of only 15 percent and excellent dynamic properties. Sharma: “This material is, therefore, particularly suitable for dynamically highly stressed components such as wheels and rolls of forklift trucks.”

For more information please contact Lanxess Pty Ltd.

 



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